|Title||হাজার চুরাশির মা (জ্ঞানপীঠ পুরস্কার এ ভূষিত)|
|Edition||2nd reprint, 2017|
|Number of Pages||95|
হাজার চুরাশির মা – মহাশ্বেতা দেবী
হাজার চুরাশির মা – মহাশ্বেতা দেবী
hazar-churashir-ma-mahasweta-devi book review:
Name of the book: Mother of eighty-four thousand
Author: Mahasweta Devi
Publication date: 1984
Publisher: Karuna Prakashani
Mahasweta Devi (14 January 1928 – 26 July 2017) was an Indian Bengali novelist and human rights activist. His notable works are Mother of One Hundred and Eighty-Four, Rudali, The Rights of the Forest, etc. Goddess Mahasweta worked for the rights and empowerment of the indigenous tribes (especially the Lodha and Shabar tribes) of the Indian states of West Bengal, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh. He won several literary awards, including the Sahitya Akademi Award (in Bengali), the Jnanpith Award and the Radhaman Magsaysay Award, and the fourth and second highest civilian honors in India, the Padma Shri and the Padma Vibhushan respectively. The West Bengal government awarded him the Bangabibhushan, the highest civilian honor in West Bengal.
‘Mother of a Thousand and Eighty-Four’ is a timeless novel by Mahasweta Devi. The main theme of this novel is the Naxal movement in India at that time. In this novel, Nabarun Bhattacharya, the own son of Mahasweta Devi, is hidden in the metaphor.
The mother of eighty-four is the story of a mother whose son was brutally murdered by the state for her ideals. Here the mother’s name is Sujata and her son is a novice. The body number of the novice in the mortuary was 1064. That is why the novel has been named.
The story begins on the day of the death anniversary of the novice. Sujata has been reminiscing about her son since the birth of Brati.
At first, Sujata was an innocent woman who always endured all the injustices of her husband Divyanath and her mother-in-law. His youngest son Brati was different from everyone else in the family. He was not inclined to tolerate all injustice. He understood logic, argued, tried to establish the truth.
At one point, Sujata became a defendant. But by then he had lost his novice. The novice is lost in the crowd of eighty-four thousand. But her death taught Sujata the lesson of protesting against injustice.
The novel describes the rich class who exploited the poor and built a mountain of money. And there are descriptions of some young people who came up to establish equality in the society. Although their end result is death. But can death really wipe them out? Is death so powerful ??
Another revolutionary female character is found in the novel – Nandini. Nandini also wanted to establish a society free from exploitation like a novice. Nandini novices loved each other. They believed in people. But they did not know that not all people are trustworthy. Due to which the novice has to die, Nandini has to go for imprisonment, where she has to suffer unspeakable physical torture. But he does not lose hope. He is determined to fulfill his dream.
The novel teaches to be a defender against injustice. Shows that novices are born to suppress the people who want to be established in the society by exploiting the poor, novices never die. They come back again and again.
Some of the favorite lines of the novel-
– “In the crime, the novice lost faith in this society, in this system. The novice felt that the way the society and the state are going will not be liberated. In the crime, the novice not only wrote the slogan, but also believed in the slogan.”
– “Brati, his name is at number eighty-four after the death of one thousand and eighty-three in the decade of liberation.”
– “The novices are a new kind of boy. The novices write slogans knowing that bullets come out when they write slogans.”
In 1998, Govinda Nihalani made a film based on this novel in Hindi called “Hazar Chaurasi Ki Ma”. The film won the National Film Award for Best Fiction.
In 1997, Mahasweta Devi won the Jnanpith award for this novel. South African freedom fighter and President Nelson Mandela handed over the award.